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What is Peptic Ulcer? Symptoms, causes and Prevention

What is Peptic Ulcer? Symptoms, causes and Prevention

Niyati Thole221 14-Aug-2022

Stomach ulcers are open sores that broaden inside your belly and within the top of a part of your small intestine. The most common symptom of a belly ulcer is abdominal ache.

Stomach ulcers consist of:

Stomach ulcers, which occur in the stomach

Duodenal ulcers occur in the top part of your small gut (duodenum).

The most not unusual causes of peptic ulcer disorder are infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria and lengthy-time period use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pills (NSAIDs) which include ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve ). pressure and highly spiced foods do now not cause stomach ulcers. however, they can make signs and symptoms worse.


  • Burning within the belly
  • Feeling full, bloated, or belching
  • Intolerance of fatty meals
  • Gastric acid
  • Nausea
  • The most common symptom of an ulcer is heartburn. Heartburn makes the ache worse, as does an empty stomach. The pain can frequently be relieved through eating positive foods that buffer belly acid or by way of taking an acid-reducing drug, but then it could come returned. pain can be worse between meals and at night. Many people with belly ulcers don't have symptoms.

Less typically, ulcers can cause intense signs or signs, which include:

  • Vomiting or vomiting of blood - which might also seem crimson or black
  • dark blood in the stool or black or tarry stools
  • hard respiratory
  • Feeling weak
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • modifications in appetite

When to go to a physician

See your physician when you have any of the severe symptoms or signs listed above. additionally, see your physician if over-the-counter antacids and acid blockers relieve ache, however the ache returns.


Peptic ulcers occur when acid inside the digestive tract devours the inner surface of the stomach or small intestine. The acid can motivate a painful open wound that could bleed. Your digestive tract is protected with a layer of mucus that commonly protects against acid. but if the amount of acid has expanded or the amount of mucus has reduced, you could have an ulcer.

Common causes are:

A bacterium. Helicobacter pylori micro organism commonly stays in the mucous layer that covers and protects the tissues of the stomach and small gut. frequently the h. The pylori micro organism does not motivate issues, but it could reason an infection of the internal lining of the belly, which causes an ulcer.

It is not acknowledged how H. pylori contamination is unfolded. it may be passed from person to person via close contact, together with B. kissing, which is transferred. humans can also trap H. pylori thru food and water.

Regular use of some pain relievers. Taking aspirin, as well as a few over-the-counter pain relievers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pills (NSAIDs), can worsen or inflame the liner of the belly and small intestine. these drugs encompass ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), naproxen sodium (Aleve, Anaprox DS, others), ketoprofen, and others. They do not comprise paracetamol (Tylenol, others).

Different tablets. Taking sure other medicines with NSAIDs, such as steroids, blood thinners, low-dose aspirin, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), alendronate (Fosamax), and risedronate (Actonel), can significantly grow the risk of developing ulcers.


You could lessen your hazard of belly ulcers by way of following the same strategies recommended for domestic treatments for treating ulcers. this will also be beneficial:

  • shield yourself from infections. It is not recognized how H. pylori are spreading, however, there is proof that it can be transmitted from person to man or woman or via meals and water.
  • you could take steps to guard yourself against infections like H. pylori by using washing your fingers regularly with soap and water and eating cooked ingredients.
  • Be cautious with painkillers. in case you regularly take painkillers that increase your hazard of belly ulcers, take steps to reduce your chance of stomach issues. for instance, take medicinal drugs with food.
  • work along with your physician to find the lowest feasible dose that also offers you pain relief. avoid ingesting alcohol whilst taking medicinal drugs, as the 2 can integrate to grow the threat of stomach dissatisfaction.
  • in case you want an NSAID, you may also want to take extra medicinal drugs, which include an antacid, proton pump inhibitor, acid blocker, or cytoprotective agent. a class of NSAIDs referred to as COX-2 inhibitors can also purpose fewer stomach ulcers but might also growth the hazard of coronary heart attack

An inquisitive individual with a great interest in the subjectivity of human experiences, behavior, and the complexity of the human mind. Enthusiased to learn, volunteer, and participate. Always driven by the motive to make a difference in the sphere of mental health - and normalize seeking help through a sensitive and empathetic approach

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