INSERTING INTO TABLE WITH A DEFAULT COLUMN VALUE

Tanuj Kumar

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Posted by  Tanuj Kumar
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Hi Everyone!

I have created a table with a default column value male

CREATE TABLE Persons 
 (name varchar(20), 
  age int, 
  sex varchar(5) default 'male')
Insert statement #1:

INSERT INTO Persons values('Bob', 20)
Insert statement #2:

INSERT INTO Persons(name,sex) values('Bob', 20)
When I try to insert the values into Persons table using the insert statement #1, I get the error shown below

column name or number of supplied values does not match table definition

But when I insert into Persons using statement #2, it successfully executes.

Can some please explain why this happens?

Thanks in advance!
  1. AVADHESH PATEL

    Post:604

    Points:4228
    Re: Inserting into table with a Default column value

    Hi!


    Well, in your statement #1, if you omit the list of columns, you must supply values for all three columns, and you're not doing that. That's why it fails if you provide only two of those values.

    And your statement #2 should probably be:

    INSERT INTO Persons(name, age) values('Bob', 20)
    and then you're clearly specifying which columns to insert into (name and age) and you're providing the two values required to fill two columns - that's why it works. The third column will be filled with the configured default, since you didn't specify anything for it.

    For these reasons, I would recommend to always explicitly specify the list of columns you want to insert data into - don't just omit that list and assume that you're getting all columns right...

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