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Interface in C#


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Interface in C#

An interface is not a class. It is an entity that is defined by the word Interface. An interface has no implementation; it only has the signature or in other words, just the definition of the methods without the body.

Defining an Interface

interface interfaceName
{

}

 Differences between Interfaces and Abstract classes 

*An Interface cannot implement methods.
 
*An abstract class can implement methods. 

*An Interface can only inherit from another Interface.
 
*An abstract class can inherit from a class and one or more interfaces. 

*An Interface cannot contain fields.
 
*An abstract class can contain fields. 

*An Interface can contain property definitions.
 
*An abstract class can implement a property. 

*An Interface cannot contain constructors or destructors.
 
*An abstract class can contain constructors or destructors. 

*An Interface can be inherited from by structures.
 
*An abstract class cannot be inherited from by structures. 

*An Interface can support multiple inheritance.
 
*An abstract class cannot support multiple inheritance.

Example

using System;

 namespace InterfaceConsoleApplication

{

    class Program : myInterface //Implement the interface

    {

        static void Main(string[] args)

        {

            Program p1 = new Program();

            p1.display(); //call the method

        }

        //Give funtionality to method who declared in interface

        public void display()

        {

            Console.WriteLine("Interface Method");

        }

    }

    //declare interface

    interface myInterface

    {

        void display();

    }

}

Output :-

Interface Method

In this example, I have created a interface myInterface using interface keyword and define a method named display().Class Program inherits the myInterface and give full definition to method display() and call by the Program class object p1.


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