Insomnia is a recurrent sleep problem that makes it difficult to fall asleep, makes it difficult to fall asleep, or makes you wake up too quickly and unable to fall asleep again. When you wake up, you may still be tired. Insomnia lowers your energy and vision as well as your health, work performance, and overall quality of life.
Although most people need seven to eight hours each night, the amount of sleep they need varies from person to person.
Most people experience short-term (severe) insomnia at some point in their lives, lasting for days or weeks. It often comes from stress or a stressful experience. However, some people suffer from chronic (chronic) insomnia for a month or more.
Symptoms of insomnia:
- Trouble sleeping at night
- Wake up in the middle of the night
- Get up very quickly
- After a night of sleep, you will not rest properly.
- Daytime fatigue or drowsiness
- Irritability, sadness, or anxiety are all symptoms of irritability.
- Difficult to pay attention, focus on tasks, or remember.
- Increased mistakes or accidents.
Persistent worries about sleep
When should you see a doctor?
If insomnia interferes with your performance during the day, consult your doctor to find out the source of your sleep problem and how to fix it. If your doctor suspects that you have a sleep disorder, you may be referred to a sleep clinic for further evaluation.
Insomnia may be the only symptom or it may be accompanied by additional symptoms.
Chronic insomnia is often caused by stress, life events, or sleep-disturbing behavior. Insomnia can be treated by treating the underlying cause, but it can last for years.
Chronic insomnia can occur for a variety of reasons, including:
Stress. Work, school, health, financial problems, or family problems keep your thoughts busy at night, making sleep difficult. Insomnia can also be caused by stressful life events or injuries, such as the death or illness of a loved one, illness, divorce, or job loss.
Travel or job commitment. Circadian rhythm acts as an internal clock that controls your sleep-wake cycle, metabolism, and body temperature. Insomnia is caused by the disruption of your body's circadian cycles. Jet lag is all caused by traveling in multiple time zones, working late or early, or changing shifts regularly.
Sleep deprivation. Examples of poor sleep habits include irregular sleep routines, falling asleep before bedtime, exciting activities before bedtime, an unpleasant sleeping environment, and using your bed for work, eating, or watching TV. Before going to bed, avoid using computers, TVs, video games, smartphones, or other displays.
Eating too late at night. It is not okay to have a light breakfast the night before, but eating too much can make you feel physically uncomfortable while sleeping. Heartburn, or the return of acid and food from the stomach to the esophagus after a meal, is common and keeps you awake.
Chronic insomnia can also be associated with medical problems or the use of certain medications. Treating a medical problem can help improve sleep, and insomnia can persist even after a medical illness has been resolved.
Insomnia can also occur for the following reasons:
Disorders of the mind Anxiety disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder make sleep difficult. Waking up too early can be a sign of sadness. Insomnia is often associated with other mental health problems.
Drugs. Many prescription medications, such as antidepressants and asthma or blood pressure medications, can interfere with sleep. Caffeine and other stimulants are found in many over-the-counter medications, including painkillers, allergy and cold remedies, and weight loss products.
Health problems. Chronic pain, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), overactive thyroid, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease are all sleep disorders.
Sleep disorders. Sleep apnea is a condition in which you repeatedly stop breathing during the night, which can disrupt your sleep. Restless Legs Syndrome creates uncomfortable leg feelings and causes an almost extreme need to move them, making it difficult to fall asleep.
Caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol are all stimulants. Stimulants include coffee, tea, cola, and other caffeinated beverages. If you drink them late in the afternoon or evening they can help you stay awake at night. Nicotine, which is included in cigarette products, is another stimulant that disturbs sleep. Alcohol helps you fall asleep, which prevents you from falling asleep and often wakes you up in the middle of the night.
Insomnia is a common problem in children and adolescents.
Children and adolescents also have sleep problems. On the other hand, some children and adolescents find it difficult to fall asleep or get to bed on time because their internal clocks are set later. Then sleep and want to go to bed in the morning.
Sleep is just as important as a balanced diet and regular exercise for your health. Insomnia, regardless of cause, can have both emotional and physical consequences. The quality of life of those who suffer from insomnia is lower than those who sleep well.
Insomnia can lead to various problems, including:
- Low productivity at work or school
- Driving with slow reaction times and a high risk of accidents
- Depression, anxiety, and drug abuse are examples of mental health problems.
- Chronic diseases or disorders such as high blood pressure and heart disease increase the risk and severity.