The process of construction and usage of a data warehouse is known as data warehousing. Construction of a data warehouse is done by integrating information from distinct sources that aid in analytical reporting, ad hoc or structured queries, and decision-making. Data integration, data cleaning, and data consolidations come under data warehousing.
A data warehouse can give us consolidated and generalized data in a multi-faceted view. A data warehouse also provides us with OLAP (Online Analytical Processing) Tools along with a generalized and consolidated view. These tools support in having a practical and interactive data analysis in a multi-faceted space. This analysis will result in data mining and data generalization.
What are the types of data warehouses?
Different types of data warehousing are implementing data warehouses in many ways, such as Enterprise data warehouse, Data marts, and operational data stores, enabling a data warehouse to be the primary module for BI (Business Intelligence) systems. This is done by executing construction, management, and performing functional changes on the information collected from various sources of data that will help develop reports and analytical results for crucial decision-making measures significant for business executives.
Data warehouses are categorized into three different types:
- Enterprise Data Warehouse
- Operational Data Store and Data Mart
- Data Mart
1. Enterprise Data Warehouse
An enterprise database is what brings along the varied function areas of an enterprise and compiles them together in a combined manner. It is a streamlined place where all the information related to business from various sources and applications are made accessible. As soon as they are stored, they can be used by all the employees in the company for analytics and other operational purposes. The data can be characterized as per the subject, and it can give an assessment as per the necessary division. An Enterprise data warehouse has the steps of extraction, transformation and conformation already taken care of.
The main aim of EDW is to give a complete overview of any entity in the data model. This is achieved by identifying and wrangling the information from various systems. It is then loaded in a consistent and conformed model. After all the data has been collected by an enterprise DW that can give access to an individual location where different tools can be used to perform analysis and create several predictions. The research department can then look for various new patterns and trends and focus on the insights to help in business growth. Data Marts can also be built, making it easier to sort out the data, the relationship between different entities can be built and enforced as a part of stacking data into the enterprise data warehouse.
Along with this, the slicing and dicing of code in various categories can also be done. It also helps lower costly downtime, which may happen due to the configuration prone to catch errors with adaptive data science and machine learning approaches. The EDW structures the data that helps operate on a smaller scale, organization and the data is stored logically and consistently.
2. Operational Data Store
An operational data store is used as an alternative to having an operational decision support system application. It helps in accessing information directly from the database itself, which supports transaction processing as well. The data present in the operational data store can be scoured and can be verified for redundancy as well as resolved by checking corresponding rules of business. It also enables integrating contrasting data from various sources to do the analysis of business operations and can report easily and efficiently while the business process is still in continuation.
3. Data Mart
A data mart focuses on collecting data for a particular functional area and it comprises a subset of data collected in a data warehouse. Data Analysts at TechEela agrees that data marts help to enhance the users' responses and customers and lowers the volume of data for data analysis. It becomes easier to finish the research this way. Data marts being a subset of DW, it is easy to implement them. They are cost-effective when you compare them to a complete data warehouse. They are more open to change, and an individual subject-matter expert can easily define its configuration and structure. The data in data marts is separated and coarseness can be easily handled. The three types of data marts are:
In conclusion, a data warehouse is henceforth an especially crucial element in the data industry. As a database helps in data storage and processing, a data warehouse helps in its analysis. Data warehouse thus helps identify various business patterns and trends that can then be converted into reports to get all the valuable insights from the data needed to move ahead in the direction of business growth. Data warehouses, therefore, play a significant role in developing a touch base in the data industry.