How to use Case Expression in SQL Server.

Posted by  Ankit Singh
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i wnat to use Case Expression in sqlserver.please help me. 
  1. Re: How to use Case Expression in SQL Server.

    Sometimes, you required to fetch or modify the records based on some conditions. In this case, you may use cursor or loop for modify your records. In this situation Case expression is best alternative for Cursor/looping and also provides better performance.

    You can use CASE expressions anywhere in the SQL Query like CASE expressions can be used with in SELECT statement, WHERE clauses, Order by clause, HAVING clauses,Insert, UPDATE and DLETE statements.

    This compares an expression to a set of simple expressions to find the result. This expression compares an expression to the expression in each WHEN clause for equivalency. If the expression with in the WHEN clause is matched, the expression in the THEN clause will be returned.



       CASE expression

    WHEN expression1 THEN Result1

    WHEN expression2 THEN Result2

    ELSE ResultN


    Example :

    select CustomerID,CustomerName,Address,City,PostalCode,Country,

    (case when CustomerID=1 then 'First Record'

    when CustomerID=2 then 'Second Record' end) expcase    from Customer




      Modified On Apr-10-2018 05:30:47 AM
  1. Re: How to use Case Expression in SQL Server.

    Where A CASE is the special scalar expression or conditional statement in the SQL language which returns a single value based on the evaluation of a statement. The Case statements can be used in Select and Where clauses and even an Order By clause. The Case expression is mostly used in SQL stored procedures or as a formula for a particular column, which optimizes the SQL statements. 

    We'll start by walking through a simple case statement. The Case statement can be used in two forms in SQL Server:

    • Case statement with a simple expression.
    • Case statement with the comparison or searched expression.
    • Case statement with the simple expression

    A Simple Case statement checks only for equivalent values and cannot contain Boolean expressions. The Simple Case statement looks for the first expression in the list of all when the clause that matches statement_1 and evaluates the corresponding when clause. Whether there is no match, then the else clause is evaluated.

    The general syntax of the Simple CASE expression is:
    CASE expression
    WHEN exp_1 THEN result_1
    [WHEN exp_2 THEN result_2]
    [WHEN exp_n THEN result_n]
    [ELSE expression]