Asthma and allergies are often combined. Asthma is a condition that affects the airways, which carry air into and out of the lungs. Asthma can come in many forms.
Allergic asthma is a type of asthma that is caused by an allergic reaction (for example, pollen or mold spores). According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, most of the 25 million Americans with asthma also have allergies and this is called allergic asthma.
The nose and trachea, as well as the tracheal tubes, are used to take air into the body. The alveoli, the small air sacs at the end of the tubes, supply fresh air (oxygen) to the blood. Old air (carbon) also collects in the alveoli.
What are the most common symptoms of asthma?
Asthma symptoms appear when the above three changes occur in the airways. Some people may spend months without an asthma attack, while others experience symptoms daily. Symptoms of asthma include:
- Very coughing, especially at night
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness, discomfort, or pressure
Not everyone with asthma has the same symptoms. You may not experience all of these asthma symptoms at the same time or you may have different symptoms at different times. Symptoms may vary from one asthma attack to another. During an asthma attack, the symptoms may be mild and at other times severe.
Mild asthma attacks are very common. The airways are usually clear for a few minutes to a few hours. Serious fights are rare, but they can last a long time and require immediate medical attention. To prevent severe attacks and keep asthma under control, it is important to pay attention and treat even minor symptoms.
If you have allergies and asthma, a reaction to any objectionable allergens can exacerbate asthma symptoms.
What are the early symptoms of an asthma attack?
Early warning signs of asthma appear before more obvious symptoms and are the first sign that a person's asthma is getting worse. The early warning signs and symptoms of an asthma attack are as follows:
- Very coughing, especially at night
- Shortness of breath or easy breathing
- Exercise-induced fatigue or weakness, as well as snoring, coughing, or shortness of breath
- Peak expiratory flow is a measure of how quickly air moves out of the lungs when you are forced to breathe, low, or fluctuate.
- Allergies or symptoms of a cold or other upper respiratory illness
- Trouble sleeping
- To prevent a severe asthma attack, if you experience any of these asthma symptoms, seek treatment as soon as possible.
What are the causes of asthma?
Asthma is a condition that affects the lungs for several reasons. The airways of a person with asthma are very sensitive and they respond to a variety of 'triggers'. Asthma symptoms are often triggered by exposure to certain factors.
Asthma triggers come in many forms. Each person's reaction is unique and will change over time. Some have a lot of triggers, while others do not have a trigger that they can name. Avoiding triggers as much as possible is one of the most important parts of asthma management.
The following are some of the most common asthma triggers:
- Examples of infections are colds, flu, and sinus infections.
- Children engage in a lot of physical activity.
- Weather: Cold air, fluctuating temperatures
- Tobacco smoke and air pollution
- Dust mites, pollen, pets, mold spores, foods, and cockroaches are examples of allergens that trigger allergic reactions in the lungs.
- Dirty objects
- Chemicals emit a pungent odor.
- Anxiety, crying, screaming or loud laughter are all examples of strong emotions.
Medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and beta-blockers are used to treat high blood pressure, migraine, and glaucoma.
Can I still help control my asthma?
It is also important to keep track of how well your lungs are working when you have asthma. Peak flow meters are used to track asthma symptoms, which measure the speed at which air escapes from your lungs. Peak expiratory flow (PEF) is a unit of measurement measured in liters per minute.
Changes in the airways that are a sign of asthma progression can be detected by a meter before symptoms appear. By recording daily peak flow data, you can find out when to change medications to control asthma. Your doctor may also use this information to make changes to your treatment plan.
Can Asthma Be Cured?
Asthma is not curable, however, it can be managed and controlled. Most people with asthma can live a disease-free life if they follow their treatment regimen.