Overview and history of Hindi
Hindi is a branch of Indo-Aryan language and believed to be evolved from sanskrit. The ancient hindi text recovered dates back to 10th century AD which indicates that Hindi was already a popular language in India during this time. Currently more than 40% of the population in India speaks it. However it is also spoken in countries like Srilanka, Nepal, Maldives, Mauritius and other countries of South-east asia making ir 3rd most spkoen language in the world with the poplulation around of around 544 million. This arise the need to learn this language which could ultimately offer bright career.
Hindi Grammar and Literature
In India, Hindi is taught right from the primary school. The central board of secondary education (CBSE) is an appex body conducting board exams for school students in India. CBSE has proper syllabus in place right from class 6th till class 10th for Hindi Grammar and literature. Gammar or Vyakaran is an important aspect of any language and the same is true for this case also. Hindi vyakaran is a basic building block of the language and defines the rules for the usage of words, syntax and formation of sentences. It also deals with phonetics, semantics and linguistic prescriptions. The important area within Hindi Vyakaran is parts of speeches. Similar to English grammar, it also have 8 parts of speeches like Sangya, Sarvanam, Visheshan, etc. The detailed curriculum prescribed by CBSE is as below
- Ling or Ling ke bhed)
- Viram Chinh
- Sangya or Sangya ke bhed
- Kaal or Kaal ke Bhed
- Karak or Karak ke bhed
- Sarvanam or Sarvanam ke bhed
- Varn Vichar
- Vachan or Vachan ke bhed
- Avyay – Avikari shabd
- Shabd bhed – Arth ke adhar pr
- Sandhi – Sadhi ke bhed
Hindi literature on the other hand deals with essays, plays, short stories, poems and epics with is also called as sahitiya. It is often taught from school itself so that the a strong foundation can be laid down from primary level. Below are the few classic work in Hindi literature which are very popular and greatly regarded.
- Madhushala - By Hariwansh Rai Bacchan
- Tamas by Bhisham Sahni
- Kashi Ka Assi by Kashi Nath Singh
- Chandrakanta Santati by Babu Devakinandan Khatri
- Apsara by Suryakant Tripathi Nirala
Hindi as a career
One can pursue a bachelor's degree in Hindi it is basically Bachelors of Arts (BA) and further go on for Maters of Arts (MA). There are some of the descent career opportunities available in this field. Below are few of the trending career path after BA or MA
- A career in mass media like journalists, reporters, anchors, etc.
- Various posts in government sectors.
- Editor or script writers in plays, movies and TV series
- Translators in the field of diplomacy.
Hindi is expanding at a rapid rate and there are lot of opportunities which can be grabbed in this field. There are various institutes and organizations which promotes it. The popularity of Hindi language is increasing day by day with new career options coming up each year.