Heart disease is the leading cause of death and often can be attributed to the lifestyle and risk of narrowing of arteries. Along with this poorly controlled blood pressure, diabetes causes inflammation and irritation of the inner lining of the coronary arteries. Over time cholesterol in the bloodstream begins the formation a plaque, and it narrows the artery. If the artery narrows by 40% or above, blood flow is decreased enough to potentially cause the symptoms of angina.
The risk factor of Heart disease
There are many risk factors of heart disease some can be controlled and some are not.
High blood pressure.
High cholesterol and low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
People with diabetes have high chances of heart disease as high blood glucose levels increase the risk. it’s essential to control your sugar level to limit the risk of developing heart disease. people who have high blood pressure and diabetes double their risk for cardiovascular disease.
Diabetes patients risk includes:
Other risk factors which we can't control
Though these risk factors aren't controllable we can monitor their effect.
How is heart disease diagnosed?
Your doctor may ask you for several types of test to evaluate heart diagnosis. The diagnose of heart disease begins with taking patients history. Your doctor needs to understand the patient's symptoms and this may be difficult. They may ask questions about the quality and quantity of pain and its location. It is also important to know the associated symptoms such as sweating, nausea, shortness of breath, vomiting, indigestion, fatigue.
Below question will help understand whether the angina is progressing or becoming unstable.
Are the symptoms brought on by activity?
Do they get better with rest?
Since symptoms began, does less activity provoke the onset of the symptoms?
Do the symptoms wake the patient?
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1. Non-invasive tests
ECG test - EGC monitors hearts electric activity and helps doctors monitor irregularity.
Echocardiogram - This test gives your doctor a close picture of your heart’s structure.
Stress test - Stress test includes walking, running, or riding a stationary bike. while ongoing this test your doctor can monitor your heart's activity in response to changes in physical exertion.
CT scan - CT scan is an imaging test; it gives a doctor a highly-detailed X-ray image of your heart.
Heart MRI - Like CT scan this test provide a very detailed image of your heart and blood vessels.
Holter monitor - To get the extended view of your heart activity, your doctor may ask you to wear this monitor for 24 to 48 hours.
2. Invasive tests
Angiography - This test takes X-ray pictures of the coronary arteries and the vessels that supply blood to the heart. A doctor will insert a catheter into your heart through arteries. Once’s it is inserted your doctor can perform coronary angiography. In this test, a dye is injected into the delicate arteries. this dye helped produce high rated X-ray image.
Electrophysiology study - An electrophysiology study is a test helps to find out what kind of irregular heartbeat you have. During this test, a doctor will attach an electrode to your heart through a catheter. When the electron is in places a doctor will send electric pulses and record hearts response.
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Treatment for heart disease
Treatment is depending on the type of heart disease you have and how to advanced it is. for example, if your plaque build-up, there are two approaches: medication to lower the risk of additional plaque build-up and adopt a healthy lifestyle change.
Healthy lifestyle choices will help you prevent heart disease. your diet is the first area which you can change and prevent your health from getting worse. Low fat, low sodium diet which is rich in fruit and vegetables may help you lower the risk of heart disease. Along with a healthy diet, regular exercise is also important quieting smoking or tobacco, alcohol consumption can help treat heart disease.
Your doctor will prescribe you a medication which helps to control or cure your heart disease. Medication is necessary to treat certain types of heart disease. The medication also helps to slow down or completely stop the risk or complications.
In some heart cases, surgery is required to treat the heart condition and to prevent the symptoms. If your arteries are blocked because of plaque build-up then your doctor may insert a stent in your artery to regulate the blood flow.