Oculoplastic surgery deals with the diseases of the eye and important structures around the eyes like eyelids, eyebrows tear system and orbit. Oculoplastic surgery is done to treat abnormalities and deformities of the eyelids, orbit, tear ducts and the face and it also deals with the reconstruction of the eye and associated structures surrounding the eyeball. Oculoplastic surgery removes excess skin and fat in the upper and lower eyelids. The surgery is usually done under local anaesthesia and the oculoplastic surgeon makes incisions in the upper lid to remove the excess skin and fat. The incisions are closed with stitches and scars are not visible as the incisions are hidden in the creases. Oculoplastic surgery can cause bruising and swelling around the eyes which normally heals within a few days.
Benefits of Oculoplastic Surgery
Oculoplastic surgery can be used to deal with many medical conditions that arise from injuries, ageing, conditions caused by thyroid and disfiguring birth defects. Some conditions that benefit from oculoplastic surgery are:
Ptosis: The drooping of the upper eyelid is caused by ageing, contact lens wear, cataract, injuries or other eye surgeries. Ptosis can interfere with vision and oculoplastic surgery becomes necessary to treat this disorder.
Brow Ptosis: Drooping of the eyebrow can potentially affect the vision and should be treated by an oculoplastic surgeon.
Entropian: In this condition, the upper or lower eyelid turns inward causing irritation, mucous discharge, redness or excess tearing and oculoplastic surgery becomes necessary.
Ectropion: In this condition, lower eyelid sags and turns out creating exposure of the eyeball. It can cause redness, crusting of the eyelid, irritation, diminished vision or scarring of the cornea and can be treated with oculoplastic surgery.
Eyelid growths: These can be generally benign but could eventually become malignant and require removal through oculoplastic surgery.
Blockage of the tear duct: This condition may result due to injury, disease or infection and oculoplastic surgery may be required.
Reconstructive surgery: For people suffering from injury or burns, oculoplastic surgery should be included in any reconstructive procedures and treatments.
Risks Associated with Oculoplastic Surgery
There are risks associated with any cosmetic or facial procedure and oculoplastic surgery is no exception. The patient might not be happy with the results as the surgery carries with it the risk of scarring, overcorrection, ptosis, and other problems. Patients undergoing oculoplastic surgery tend to experience postoperative pain, anxiety, and discomfort. Good post-operative care can greatly reduce the risk of infection.
How to Find the Best Oculoplastic Surgeon in India
Oculoplastic surgeons are certified ophthalmologists who have completed several years of additional, highly specialized training in plastic surgery. Experienced
oculoplastic surgeons in India are trained to handle the plastic surgery and have good knowledge about the eye and its surroundings. As eye surgeons, they can perform surgeries on the delicate structures around the eyes. Oculoplastic surgeons perform procedures such as orbital fracture repairs, removal of tumours in and around the eyes, repair of tear duct obstructions, repair of droopy eyelids and eyelid and facial reconstruction. Eyelids and surrounding areas are complex and delicate structures and oculoplastic surgeons are competent to perform the delicate surgery with advanced medical devices.