A good night’s rest is said to be the cure for a lot of issues, however, there are people who don’t even have this treatment as an option. With people around the world leading stressful and hectic lives, it is now more important to give an ample amount of time to one’s health and well being through proper rest. The lack of adequate rest often leads to behavioral problems, decreases in productivity and irritability. Not being well rested can also increase the risk of accidents involving cars and heavy machinery. As such, sleep disorders are serious ailments and should be addressed and treated promptly. Sleep disorders are common medical themes which are require expertise to write on. Therefore, nursing students shouldn’t be shy about taking a bit of Custom Essay Help UK is this topic shows up.
There can be many causes for sleep disorders, particularly as nearly anything has the tendency to disturb it. Common sleeping disorders include insomnia, sleep apnea, narcolepsy and restless leg syndrome. These disorders make up the bulk of conditions diagnosed and are explained in detail below.
Insomnia is a sleep disorder whose sufferers find it difficult to fall or stay asleep. Common symptoms include difficulty falling asleep, frequently waking up in the middle of the night and facing difficulty in going back to sleep, sleeping but not feeling refreshed after and waking up too early. Additionally, insomniacs may face issues during the daytime including sleepiness, concentration and mood problems, and workplace accidents due to the lack of proper sleep.
This is the most common sleep disorder with around 50% adults reporting occasional sleeplessness, and 10% suffering from chronic insomnia. Insomnia can arise on its own or be associated with some other psychiatric or health issue. Short term insomnia is known as acute or adjustment insomnia, with the long term condition being called chronic.
Sleep apnea is one of the major sleep disorders, which occurs due to the airway being obstructed. This causes people to stop breathing during sleep, making it difficult to sleep continuously. Sleep apnea is of two types, obstructive and central.
• Obstructive Sleep Apnea: This is the most common type of sleep apnea, involving the blocking of the airway due to the collapse of soft tissue located at the back of the throat. Symptoms include fatigue, daytime sleepiness, snoring, concentration issues, and gasping for air.
• Central Sleep Apnea: This type of sleep apnea is caused by the brain not telling the body to breathe during sleep. As the name suggests, central sleep apnea is related to the central nervous system. People suffering from CSA mostly report repeated awakenings during the night, and might gasp for air.
Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless Leg Syndrome is a disorder that causes an irresistible impulse to move the legs. This urge is brought on when lying down and sitting for too long. This disorder often occurs after sunset, making it difficult to rest and fall asleep. As a result, its sufferers often report daytime sleepiness and attention issues. Due to this discomfort, sufferers often try to shake their legs and try to walk around for relief.
Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that impacts the control of sleeplessness and sleep. It is a condition characterized by recurring, uncontrollable periods of falling asleep and sleepiness during the day. People suffering from this condition often fall asleep during any time of the day while doing any activity. This disorder mostly begins during the ages of 15 to 25, however, it can arise at any age. More than often, it is left undiagnosed and hence untreated.