The Internet of Things is expected to grow to 8.4 billion devices in 2017, with predictions of more than 20 billion devices by 2020. While this market is growing rapidly, it faces a major barrier on the way to its success.
Connected devices are vulnerable, as seen in the DDoS attack on October 21st, 2016, which took down the DNS provider Dyn. Large websites such as Etsy, Twitter, PayPal, Verizon, Comcast and Reddit were among the many that were virtually unusable during this attack. The hackers turned to unsecured IoT devices to create an extensive botnet so they could push enough traffic to take down Dyn.
While this was the largest attack caused by IoT security issues, it certainly isn't the first. The IoT market needs to find a way to properly secure these devices before more high-profile attacks completely negate the benefits of having this connected technology in your organization.
The Consequences of Unsecured Connected Devices
IoT devices add countless potential attack surfaces to an organization, whether you have an official policy or people are bringing in their own technology. They are trying to connect to your network and have the potential of giving attackers a direct entry point to your infrastructure.
While several unified platforms are emerging that cover IoT security standards, such as MIDAS, Unify IoT and Universal Internet of Things Platform, you could be dealing with dozens of devices whose suppliers don't have the same protection in place. Outdated firmware and software could also make it easy to exploit IoT technology and use it as an attack surface. The sheer variety of form factors, operating systems, feature sets and vendors introduces complications that your current IT security resources may be unable to cover.
IoT requires a complete reevaluation of your IT security strategy and the personnel's mindset. The staff needs to understand that every connected device could represent a vulnerability point, even if they are not used to accommodating this type of connected equipment. The downtime can lead to substantial financial losses depending on the systems affected, with disruption across the entire organization.
Vulnerable IoT devices can also have their functionality compromised, which could lead to potentially life-threatening situations. Consider smart devices used in manufacturing applications. If an IoT safety sensor got compromised, it could result in employees ending up in unsafe situations that could cause injuries or death. Another example comes from the medical field, which is adopting a wide range of speciality IoT devices to improve patient care. If a monitoring device reported the wrong sugar levels on a diabetic patient, they could end up in a coma.
Something as simple as a compromised thermostat could have long-term consequences for a company. If the heating or cooling is run at inefficient levels, the overhead costs could slowly start to eat into the budget. Data centers with cooling systems that are being maliciously controlled could lose their ability to regulate heat and lead to hardware failure.
Automobiles are another example of a connected system that can be compromised. Hackers could disrupt the vehicle's GPS, making it difficult to track the location of your fleet, control systems such as the radio, or potentially cut out critical systems that are necessary for operation.
This problem is only going to get worse as IoT continues its rapid expansion over the next few years. Many organizations aren't prepared to deal with the security issues that they bring to the table. You can put yourself in a good position to account for these concerns through security analytics.
The Role of Security Analytics in IoT
Security analytics can help you handle the complex IoT landscape, especially for devices that don't have strong security features on their own. You will not necessarily be able to control all of the IoT devices coming into your organization, as evidenced by the prevalence of shadow IT generated from unauthorized personal technology. With security analytics, you can gain the data and insights required to protect your IT resources. A few vendors operating in this area include NetSentries and Argyle Data.
Security analytics can identify the red flags that often precede a breach or attack. You can find devices that are communicating with unauthorized systems or networks and lock them down before someone can use that device to get into your infrastructure.
IT security specialists can use security analytics solutions to look beyond perimeter-based protection and determine whether they need to take action based on the network traffic they're seeing. With this type of tool in place, they have the possibility of derailing zero-day attacks before it cripples your organization or causes a costly data breach.
Machine learning plays a role in automating part of this process, so your IT security staff aren't overwhelmed by the sheer volume of information that they need to look at. As your organization fends off attacks related to your IoT devices and discover more markers for potential vulnerabilities, the security analytics solution can use this data to handle lower priority issues. Your IT security analysts can focus their attention on complex exploits and other concerns that require their hands-on touch.
The IoT market cannot succeed if device performance is constantly marred by security exploits. While IoT devices can transform current business processes and models, they need the support of a robust security analytics solution to protect them from countless threats. This combination gives your organization the opportunity to harness the power of IoT without opening yourself up to an unreasonable level of risk.