5.0: Codename Tiger
5.0 was released on 30th September 2004. Developed under JSR 176,
Tiger added a number of significant language features, including the for-each
loop, generics, autoboxing, and var-args. This release had:
· 3,562 classes
· 166 packages
Features are as follows:
allow a type or method to operate on objects of various types while providing
compile-time type safety. This was added to all the classes in the Collections
· The enhanced for loop
eliminates the drudgery and error proneness of iterators and index variables
when iterating over collections and arrays.
· The auto-boxing/unboxing feature
eliminates the drudgery of manual conversion between primitive types and
· The var-args allow us to
specify a variable number of arguments on program invocation.
· Besides these, typesafe enums
were introduced in this version.
· The newly added static
import facility lets us avoid qualifying static members with class
names without the shortcomings of the “Constant Interface anti-pattern.”
changes and enhancements were made to Internationalization APIs.
Internationalization is the process of designing an application so that it can
be adapted to various languages and regions without engineering changes.
Sometimes the term internationalization is abbreviated “i18n,” because there are
18 letters between the first letter (i) and the last (n).
these, the following APIs were enhanced: JavaSound and Java 2D technologies,
Image I/O, AWT, and Swing. The java.lang and java.util packages had several
enhancements, including the new Formatter
and Scanner classes. There were lots
of enhancements to Concurrency Utilities and the Collections Framework.
the hardware front, AMD Opteron processors are now supported by the server VM
on SUSE Linux and on Windows 2003.
SE 6: Codename Mustang
6 was released on 6th December 2006. This release facilitated the
JVM and provided Visual Basic language support. As of this version, Sun
replaced the name “J2SE” with Java SE and dropped the “.0” from the version number.
release introduced several changes and additions to the Collections Framework.
New interfaces, named Deque, BlockingDeque, NavigableSet,
NavigableMap, and ConcurrentNavigableMap, were added.A concrete
implementation classes were added, and the existing classes were retrofitted to
implement new interfaces.
enhancements were made in the java.lang.instrument
package. The Instrumentation API provides services that allow Java programming
language agents to instrument programs running on the JVM.
The java.io package introduced a new class called
This class contains methods to access a character-based console device; its
readPassword method allows input of sensitive data such as passwords by
disabling echoing of characters on the console.
The File class now has several methods to
retrieve disk usage information as well as setting and querying file
and ZIP API was also enhanced. In addition, enhancements were made in Java
Web Start and the Java Network Launching Protocol (JNLP), which provides a
browser-independent architecture for deploying Java 2 technology-based applications
to the client desktop.
major changes included support for pluggable annotations (JSR 269), lots of GUI
improvements, including native UI enhancements to support the look and feel of
Windows Vista, and improvements to the JPDA and JVM Tool Interface for better
monitoring and troubleshooting.