AN ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHINE

AN ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHINE

Electronic Voting Machines have been developed to facilitate easy polling and counting. The use of the machine is to save the cost of paper and printing etc. and also to get the result within three to four hours, thus saving a lot of manual exercises involved in conventional counting. The machines have been developed by Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) and Bharat Electronics Corporation of India Limited (BEL). These machines provide a full safeguard for ensuring secrecy of the ballot and against tampering of machines apart from ensuring rapidity of the poll and instantaneous results. The Parliament has amended the Representation of People Act, 1951, on March 1989, introducing Section 61 (A) in the said Act, which provided for the recording of votes of voting machines in such manner as may be prescribed, may be adopted in such constituency or constituencies as the Election Commission may specify. In pursuance of the above provisions, the Central Government amended the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961, by inserting a new Chapter II [Rules 49(a) to 49(x)] for facilitating the use of Electronic Voting Machines. The Commission has already made arrangements to ensure availability of an adequate number of EVMs for the smooth conduct of elections. The Commission has issued a new set of instructions with regard to the First Level Check of EVMs, that will be used in the poll in the States. The First Level Check of EVMs is done in the presence of representatives of political parties. A two-stage randomization of EVMs is done. In the first stage, all the EVMs stored in the district storage center will be randomized by the District Election Officer (DEO) in the presence of the representatives of the recognized political parties for allocation assembly constituency-wise. EVMs will be prepared and set for elections after finalization of the contesting candidates. At this stage also, candidates or their agents/representatives will be allowed to check and satisfy themselves in every manner about the functionality of the EVMs. After the EVMs in a constituency are prepared for the poll by the Returning Officer and the ballot units are fitted with ballot papers, then the EVMs will again be randomized to decide the actual polling stations in which they will be ultimately used. The Second Stage randomization will be done in the presence of Observers, Candidates or their Election Agents.

Last updated:9/21/2019 1:51:14 AM
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