WHAT IS OBJECT CLONING IN JAVA?

Samuel Fernandes

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Posted by  Samuel Fernandes
Java 
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  1. Mayank Tripathi

    Post:807

    Points:4035
    What is object cloning in java?

    The object cloning is a way to create exact copy of an object. For this purpose, clone() method of Object class is used to clone an object.

    The java.lang.Cloneable interface must be implemented by the class whose object clone we want to create. If we don't implement Cloneable interface, clone() method generates CloneNotSupportedException.

    Why clone method? : The clone() method saves the extra processing task for creating the exact copy of an object. If we perform it by using the new keyword, it will take a lot of processing to be performed that is why we use object cloning.

    The clone() method is defined in the Object class. Syntax of the clone() method is as follows:

    protected Object clone() throws CloneNotSupportedException  

    Example:

    class Student18 implements Cloneable{  
    int rollno;  
    String name;  
      
    Student18(int rollno,String name){  
    this.rollno=rollno;  
    this.name=name;  
    }  
      
    public Object clone()throws CloneNotSupportedException{  
    return super.clone();  
    }  
      
    public static void main(String args[]){  
    try{  
    Student18 s1=new Student18(101,"amit");  
      
    Student18 s2=(Student18)s1.clone();  
      
    System.out.println(s1.rollno+" "+s1.name);  
    System.out.println(s2.rollno+" "+s2.name);  
      
    }catch(CloneNotSupportedException c){}  
      
    }  
    }  

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