PHP application can be hosted on
IIS web server by using FastCGI Module that can be found in IIS. Here I’m using IIS 7
as web server. Before moving for
next step for how to host PHP on IIS (Internet Information Services) let’s take
a look what is FastCGI Module? FastCGI
is a standard protocol that allows the CGI executable files for application
frameworks to interface with the Web server. It differs from the standard CGI
protocol in that FastCGI reuses CGI processes for multiple requests, which
provides a significant performance boost as compared to CGI. Support for IIS
FastCGI enables IIS to host normal CGI programs like PHP or Ruby on Rails by
using the FastCGI protocol, and to offer high performance and stability for
production deployment of such application frameworks.
Now, to host PHP on IIS
successfully you have to perform some following steps:
Step 1: Install IIS Web Server with CGI option in your system.
Step 2: Install PHP for Windows operating system in your system (For
more details on PHP Installation click here)
Step 3: Configure PHP configuration file (php.ini) to work with IIS
Step 4: Configure FastCGI module to work with PHP
Manually Configure php.ini file to work with IIS web server:
To run PHP on IIS web server you
have to make some changes in php.ini file. Let’s take a look about these
Step 1: Set fastcgi.impersonate
Step 2: Set cgi.fix_pathinfo=1
Step 3: Set cgi.force_redirect
Step 4: Set open_basedir
to point to that folder or network path where the content of the Web site is
Step 5: Set extension_dir
to point to that location where the PHP extensions are located. Typically, for
PHP 5.2.X the value would be set as extension_dir
Step 6: Enable the required PHP extension by
un-commenting the corresponding lines, for example:
extension = php_mssql.dll
Manually Configure FastCGI Module to work with PHP:
To manually configure the IIS and FastCGI extension, you have
to perform some following steps:
Step 1: Open
Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager (to open IIS manager type ‘inetmgr’ in run command textbox)
Step 2: Double
click on ‘Handler Mapping’ and
select ‘Add Module Mapping’ from
left Action Pane. After that filled appropriate information into textboxes.
Request path: *.php
"C:\[Path to your PHP installation]\php-cgi.exe"
Name: PHP via
After this, just click on ok button.
Now IIS web server is ready for run PHP file or PHP web site.