Home > DeveloperSection > Beginner > Simple Tooltip using HTML CSS

Simple Tooltip using HTML CSS


CSS-CSS3 CSS 
Ratings:
0 Comment(s)
 2289  View(s)
Rate this:

Simple Tooltip using HTML CSS

Hi friends in this article, I’m explaining about make tooltip using html and css.

Description:

A tooltip is a pop-up message that is shown when the user hovers the mouse over an element such as a TextBox or a Button etcetera.

Observe the following table. Here we have placed the Input (Text) controls (txtUsername, txtPassword) inside the anchor tag. We have added a class name (tooltip) to the anchor tag and given some text to the the alt attribute. Using an alt attribute we will display a tooltip for the Input (Text) controls.

<table style="width: 270px;">

    <tr>

        <td>Username:

        </td>

        <td>

            <a href="#" alt="Please enter username" class="tooltip">

                <input id="txtUsername" type="text" /></a>

        </td>

    </tr>

    <tr>

        <td>Password:

        </td>

        <td>

            <a href="#" alt="Please enter password" class="tooltip">

                <input id="txtPassword" type="text" /></a>

        </td>

    </tr>

    <tr>

        <td></td>

        <td>

            <input id="Button1" type="button" value="Login" />

        </td>

    </tr>

</table>

Now our page looks in browser as follows

 

Now we will add some CSS style to the anchor tags; see:

 

.tooltip
        {
           
display: inline;
           
position: relative;
           
text-decoration: none;
           
top: 0px;
           
left: 4px;
        }

Now by using the anchor tags we will display the tooltip for the Input (Text) controls.

Observe the following style of the anchor tags:

        .tooltip:hover:after
        {
           
background: #333;
           
background: rgba(0,0,0,.8);
            
border-radius: 5px;
           
top: -5px;
           
color: #fff;
           
content: attr(alt);
           
left: 160px;
           
padding: 5px 15px;
           
position: absolute;
           
z-index: 98;
           
width: 150px;
        }

 

Preview

 

Here we are providing a style whenever the user hover the mouse over the anchor tags.

We are specifying some style using the :after selector.

In the preceding style we have given a border and a border radius etcetera.

Here we have set the content attribute to content: attr(alt); this property will display the tooltip by using the alt attribute of the anchor tag.

Whatever you give to the alt tag of the anchor element it will be displayed as a tooltip.

Now we will add one arrow to the tooltip as follows using the :before selector:

       .tooltip:hover:before
        {
           
border: solid;
           
border-color: transparent black;
           
border-width: 6px 6px 6px 0;
           
bottom: 20px;
           
content: "";
           
left: 155px;
           
position: absolute;
           
z-index: 99;
           
top: 3px;
        }

 

Preview

Finally script of our page is:

<style>

    .tooltip {

        display: inline;

        position: relative;

        text-decoration: none;

        top: 0px;

        left: 4px;

    }

 

        .tooltip:hover:after {

            background: #333;

            background: rgba(0,0,0,.8);

            border-radius: 5px;

            top: -5px;

            color: #fff;

            content: attr(alt);

            left: 180px;

            padding: 5px 15px;

            position: absolute;

            z-index: 98;

            width: 150px;

        }

 

        .tooltip:hover:before {

            border: solid;

            border-color: transparent black;

            border-width: 6px 6px 6px 0;

            bottom: 20px;

            content: "";

            left: 175px;

            position: absolute;

            z-index: 99;

            top: 3px;

        }

</style>

 

 

<table style="width: 270px;">

    <tr>

        <td>Username:

        </td>

        <td>

            <a href="#" alt="Please enter username" class="tooltip">

                <input id="txtUsername" type="text" /></a>

        </td>

    </tr>

    <tr>

        <td>Password:

        </td>

        <td>

            <a href="#" alt="Please enter password" class="tooltip">

                <input id="txtPassword" type="text" /></a>

        </td>

    </tr>

    <tr>

        <td></td>

        <td>

            <input id="Button1" type="button" value="Login" />

        </td>

    </tr>

</table>

 

Save this script as .html file or download the attachment and open in browser then mouse over on to the username and password Textboxes we will get the tooltip as follows. 

Mouse over on to the Username Textbox.

Mouse over on to the Password Textbox

So this is the simple way to display the tooltip using HTML and CSS.

We can use this tooltips procedure for images also
.


in my next post i'll discuss about Design a simple, stylish calculator using HTML, CSS and JavaScript


Don't want to miss updates? Please click the below button!

Follow MindStick